More than 50% of infants among the urban poor have a dismal chance of survival – how can we change these dismal statistics
Motherhood being the most fulfilling experience, infant deaths devastates its whole essence.
These mortality rates reflect the quality of the society we are living in and its health care structures.
Governance of community well being is been poorly handled in developing countries. The health care provided in rural and urban areas are completely different. The most affected part of the society here is the urban slums that are swelling with population day after day.
Due to the overcrowding in cities people are forced to live in slums, under bridges and in platforms.
This condition of poverty and social inequality has delivered shocking statistics that the average infant mortality rate in urban poor is 54.6. 80%.
Statistics further explain that these newborn deaths are both preventable and treatable.
The major five reasons behind the death of infants under age 5 are listed below:
- Malnutrition is one major cause of infant deaths as it turns out to be the base for any health issue. Malnutrition makes the children vulnerable to disease and infections. Poor immune system affects the child’s physical and mental health. Under-nutrition is the direct and indirect cause for 50 % of the infant deaths.
- Neonatal diseases that infants develop within the first few weeks of birth have high mortality rates. This includes sudden infant death syndrome (SIDS) and neonatal jaundice. Neonatal diseases are caused by environmental factors and poor living conditions.
- Urinary tract infections, diarrhea and pneumonia are other major causes of death. Contaminated food and water is the reason behind diarrhea. Downpours and flooding severely increases the infected numbers.
- Lack of proper education, support and knowledge to mothers in maintaining a suitable environment for their children is a serious issue. Their negligence over her child’s health and well being do cause deaths. Awareness on newborn care, breastfeeding, antenatal care, vaccination and appropriate care will save children from the jaws of death.
- Proper medical attention and adequate timely supplements can prevent infant deaths to greater extent. The shattering truth is, not receiving skilled medical care is killing the underprivileged children in masses every year. Failure of health services in providing proper treatment support and child care services has increased the infant mortality rate.