With most newborns with equally new and inexperienced mother – How can we as a society support underprivileged mothers in overcoming health related challenges.
It takes immense strength and bravery to give birth to a child and raise it. As great it may seem, it is one of the hardest thing ever for every mother. In this phase a women needs immense physical and mental power.
“Healthy mother, healthy child”
Thus, crucial attention has to be given to the mother’s health as well.
Health of a mother during pregnancy, child birth and post delivery is called the maternal health. But, unfortunately data show that India is one of the worst performers in maternal health. A recent study has ranked India 137th among 178 countries. These maternal health issues when left untreated cause immense suffering to the mother and even death. But majority of the maternal health problems are preventable with proper awareness and treatment support.Most of the health problems arise during the time of pregnancy, while some women have health issues even before they become pregnant. Whatever the case is, it is important that proper health care is provided as it involves both the child and mother health.
Few maternal health issues that women face are been listed below.
- Infections: During the period of pregnancy women are vulnerable to all kinds of infections. Even a simple bacterial infection or allergy reaction can cause illness. Daily habits of hygiene such as hand washing, intake of healthy and hygienic food, keeping the environment clean will help in avoiding sickness.
- Obesity and weight gain: Obese body or weight gain during the time of pregnancy can create complications during the time of delivery like cesarean delivery, preeclampsia and still birth. Awareness on proper weight maintenance and reproductive health will help in prevention.
- Chronic disease: Blood pressure, heart and kidney disease can be avoided by encouraging mothers to undergo screening and treatment for even the common problems at the initial stages.
- Common complications: Hemorrhage and preeclampsia can be handled by making essential supplies, medicines and infrastructure available.
- Mental stress: Taking part in awareness programs for women and young girls empathizing on stress handling during and post pregnancy would be of great support.
More programs and counseling sessions on proper food intake during and post pregnancy, initiation of breast feeding and child care and overall importance of maternal health is required to educate women and create awareness.