Anaemia is a silent killer!!
Maternal and Severe Anaemia in pregnant women is associated with a risk of Preterm and Low Birth Weight
Causes of Anemia in Pregnant women—Anaemia is a significant public health problem affecting both the developed as well as the developing countries. “Iron Deficiency Anaemia” is the most common form of anaemia, that occurs during pregnancy, globally affecting about 34 million women and at least half of all the pregnant women in middle and low-income countries.
The risk of anaemia is high due to many factors such as inadequate diet, reduced iron content in the blood, and infections such as HIV, malaria, and parasitic infestation.
According to the World Health Organisation [WHO], the prevalence of anaemia among pregnant women in developed countries is about 13%, whereas it is still about 53% in the developing world. WHO interprets Anaemia as a condition in which the haemoglobin concentration of a woman during pregnancy is <11 gm/dl.
There is a need to understand and study the Health Profile and the Socio-Demographic factors of the country’s rural pregnant women and estimate the exact occurrence of anaemia and its associated factors among pregnant women based on the level of haemoglobin.
Anemia Affects— over two-thirds of pregnant women in developing countries. It can contribute to maternal mortality and low birthweight. The prevalence of anaemia is estimated to be higher in India when compared to all other countries, and it is the second leading cause of Maternal Deaths in the country.
Prevention and Control—Various National Health Programs related to the prevention and control of anaemia exist. Initially launched as the National Nutritional Anemia Prophylaxis Programme (NNAPP), iron-folic acid supplementation was integrated into the Reproductive and Child Health Programme. As a part of this, pregnant women are administered 100 mg of elemental iron along with folic acid.
The physician plays a crucial role in the identification and management of anaemia. Even in the public sector, the majority of the antenatal cases are handled at the primary health care level.
Even though Biological Risk Factors such as dietary deficiency, parasitic infestations, and chronic diseases are well-known risk factors, the physician needs to understand the environmental risk factors that could be of interest. The ecological risk factors include Socio-demographic characteristics, mental health, and nutritional status. Therefore, the prevalence of anaemia, as mentioned above, is an issue of great concern.
EKAM Foundation is a non-profit organisation that works towards providing quality healthcare to needy Children and Mothers in India. EKAM’s mission is to work towards the wellbeing of children, mothers and to be mothers; thereby contributing to a reduction in infant, childhood, adolescent and maternal mortality rates.
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