Lack of critical childbirth facilities in hospitals leads to some of the worst pregnancy-related complications.
Having a child gives a whole new perspective to life of every mother. But many mothers and infants die due to complications from childbirth.
Maternal mortality rates are high in rural and sub urban areas compared to cities. We have to realize that maternal mortality is associated with social deprivations and the status of women in this society.
Delays in obstetric care are leading to poor maternal outcomes. In developing countries like India, it is the middle class and lower middle class people are highly inclined to maternal complications.
Delays, maternal complications and deaths have become common problems which require immediate attention.
Management of pregnancy related issues such as hemorrhage, complications of abortion and hypertensive disorders will reduce death rates to a greater extent.
However, this can be mostly handled with adequate facilities and timely treatment as most of the maternal deaths are preventable.
In the field of medical science there is a “three delays model” that explains the cause of maternal mortality.
Phase I – delay in deciding to seek care by the individual and/or family
Phase II – delay in reaching an adequate health care facility
Phase III – delay in receiving adequate care at the health facility
If we are efficient enough in avoiding delays in these 3 phases, saving a life is possible.
With social support we can help to create strong healthcare infrastructures that can secure the lives of mothers and infants. Few are mentioned below.
Creating awareness among women and encouraging them to take up facility based delivery (birth at hospitals or health centers or institutions) will reduce maternal mortality.
Increasing the number of clinics and health centers that provide community based care.
Helping women to access the facilities available. Family members should support women to make the decision and seek it.
Family and other people’s support in issues such as deciding the place of delivery or choosing the facility based delivery can be a life saver.
By handling other social factors that have an impact on maternal deaths, will help in preventing it. Those factors include, distance to health centers, money for treatment, transport facilities, perceived necessity of care, family’s permission, decisions of the decision maker in the family, education level and number of children in the family.