If infant mortality rates in rural areas were reduced to those in urban areas, about 80,000 fewer children would die each year. India contributes to one-fifth of the global burden of absolute maternal and infant deaths.
What is Infant and Maternal Mortality?
Maternal health is closely linked to newborn survival, as vulnerabilities to illness can pass from mother to child. While great strides have been made in reducing global under-five, child mortality, newborns now account for 46 percent of all childhood deaths.
Infant mortality –is the death of an infant before his or her first birthday. The infant mortality rate is the number of infant deaths for every 1,000 live births. In addition to giving us key information about maternal and infant health, the infant mortality rate is an important marker of the overall health of a society.
Maternal Mortality– is defined as “The death of a woman while pregnant or within 42 days of termination of pregnancy, irrespective of the duration and the site of the pregnancy, from any cause related to or aggravated by the pregnancy or its management, but not from accidental or incidental causes.”
Public Health –Infant Mortality Rate and Maternal Mortality Ratio
Public Health is one of the best reflections of Human Development in a country. The important indicators of health in a country are: (1) Infant Mortality Rate (2) Maternal Mortality Rate (3) Life Expectancy at Birth.
Higher infant mortality rates in rural areas –
India’s Infant Mortality is Down by 42% in last 11 Years —-Yet it is Higher Than the Global Average. Terrible Right?
Well it’s mainly derived from the rural disadvantages in households which explain two-thirds of the issue. Among the observed characteristics, environmental factors—a safe source of drinking water, electricity, and quality of housing materials—are the most important contributors. The effect of disadvantageous environmental conditions—such as limited electricity and water supply—derives both from a lack of community-level infrastructure and from the inability of some households to exploit it when available. Policy needs to operate at both the community and household levels to correct such deficiencies. At EKAM it is possible….
Our team EKAM- is a not-for-profit (NGO) organization that works towards providing quality healthcare to needy children and mothers in India. EKAM’s vision is to work for the well-being of children and mothers; and thereby contribute to a reduction in infant, childhood, adolescent and maternal mortality rates. EKAM is a unique health care model, primarily focusing on neonates and infants. The primary is not to replace but to seamlessly supplement the Public health care system.
‘Let’s help facilitate the development of effective interventions that ultimately save mothers’ and babies lives.’
So, connect with EKAM at www.ekamoneness.org to ensure this.